The land of deep valleys and mountains, called Nagaland, is worldwide known as a place where festivals take place with a high frequency. Although the beauty of these festivals resides in the implication of resident tribes, they may be observed by tourists.
The cultural and social habits deeply penetrate the silence and rural atmosphere of the region when they come alive during festivals. The base theme of them is centered on agriculture seasoning, like sowing, harvesting and reaping.
Having a great significance for the local tribes and population, during these festivals, animals are sacrificed, unusual dancing rituals are performed and acts of worship take place, all these to increase their well-being and to gain the power of existing another year.
Taking place during 1-7 December in the Kisama Heritage Village, Kohima, the Hornbill Festival is the most important festival in Nagaland. Its name comes from the Hornbill bird, which implications in the social and cultural background of the population is very increased and respected.
Celebrating this occasion, all 16 tribes in this state gather around together, and share between them, their most significant culture evidence.
Among the main attractions that represent this festival are:
- Rock music concerts
- Fashion shows
- Traditional archery
- Indigenous games
- Chili eating competition
- Wooden carvings expositions
The Tsungrem Mong festival has a huge importance in the richness of the Ao’s tribe crop. On this occasion, the people from this tribe worship the Almighty for the year that has passed and pray to Him in order to increase their agricultural level.
It takes place during 1-3 August, just before the harvesting period. The festival begins with closing the village and all of its entries. To entertain their God, men and women dress in their traditional clothes and perform the secret rituals and dances.
Aoleang Monyu Festival
After the annual sowing period, the Aoleang festival begins for the Knoyaks tribe. This festival is well known for its beauty and diversity and it takes place in Mon district during the first 6 days of April.
The purpose of this festival is to worship God “Yongwan” in order to offer them a good and rich harvest. As well as the other festival, men and women alike dress in their traditional costumes and perform dances among folklore songs.
An important fact to be noted, about this festival, is that every day, in which it is celebrated, has a specific appellation:
- Hoi Lai Yah Nyih
- Yin Mak Pho Nyih
- Yin Mok Sheh Nyih
- Lingnyu Nyih
- Lingha Nyih
- Lingshan Nyih
Even though these festivals should be kept secretly, the tourism and media invasion altered them, but this time in a positive way. Wide information spreading took place and their beauty got to be known by the entire world.